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Chemical Peeling

What is Chemical Peel?

A chemical peel is a body treatment technique used to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin using a chemical solution that causes the dead skin to slough off and eventually peel off. The regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. Thus the term chemical peel is derived. Some types of chemical peels can be purchased and administered without a medical license, however people are advised to seek professional help from a dermatologist, plastic surgeon, or otolaryngologist on a specific type of chemical peel before a procedure is performed.

It is also know as Chemosurg sery. It involves using chemical agents to treat a number of skin conditions like increased pigmentation on the face or body, superficial scars due to acne and fine wrinkles.

Chemical peels, also known as chemexfoliation or derma-peeling

What are the chemicals used in chemical peeling and in what concentrations ?

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA I0%-70%), hydroxy acid (such as glycolic acid GA 20%-70%),Salicylic( beta hydroxy) acid, Carbolic acid (phenol 88%) are the most commonly used agents. Other agents like acid, Lactic acid and Resorcinol are also used. There are also some standard formulations used for chemosurgery namely, Jessner's solution, Baker's solution and Resorcinol paste.

What Conditions Do a Chemical Peel Treat?

Chemical peels are performed on the face, neck or hands. They can be used to:

  • Reduce fine lines under the eyes and around the mouth
  • Treat wrinkles caused by sun damage, aging and hereditary factors
  • Improve the appearance of mild scarring
  • Treat certain types of acne
  • Reduce age spots, freckles and dark patches due to pregnancy or taking birth control pills (melasma)
  • Improve the look and feel of skin that is dull in texture and color

Areas of sun damage, which may contain pre-cancerous keratoses that appear as scaly spots, may improve after chemical peeling. Following treatment, new pre-cancerous lesions are less likely to appear.

However, sags, bulges and more severe wrinkles do not respond well to chemical peels. They may require other kinds of cosmetic surgical procedures, such as carbon dioxide laser resurfacing , a facelift , brow lift , eyelid lift or soft tissue filler (collagen or fat). A dermatologic surgeon can help determine the most appropriate type of treatment for each individual case.

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